What is the difference between taiga and tundra?

The two terms start with a “t” and are of Russian origin! For the rest, they are two different natural environments, although geographically close. The tundra corresponds to a geographic area on which shallow vegetation consists of grasses, sedges, lichens, mosses and shrubs.

Located mainly on the extreme north coast of the American continent and Eurasia, it is also found on the islands of the Antarctic continent and its coasts. It is the last plant line before the ice landscapes and is itself covered with snow during the long polar winters. If this vegetation is adapted to the polar cold, there is also alpine tundra in the high mountains where the low temperatures are due to the altitude.

taiga and tundra

The tundra represents an area of 8 million square kilometers, or about 6% of the land area.

The taiga, also known as boreal or hudsonian forest, is concentrated in the northern hemisphere (Alaska, Canada, Scandinavia, Finland, Russia, northern Japan), south of the tundra. It is the largest forest area in the world (just over 15 million square kilometers), representing 10% of the land area.

Lastly, it is the geographical zone situated between 65 ° and 75 ° north latitude where the aurora borealis (or polar) occur, luminous phenomena of colored sails in the night sky.

These huge coniferous forests (larch, spruce, pine and fir) and deciduous trees (birches, willows, poplars and mountain ash trees) are irrigated by an important lake network resulting from fluvioglacière erosion. These regions have a very rich fauna and flora and are inhabited by the peoples of the far north: Sami and Komis in Europe, Samoyed and Tungus in Siberia, Ainous in Japan, Algonquians and Dene in America.

If these extraordinary landscapes make you dream, it is perhaps for you the moment to plunge you in the novels of Jack London or else … to go on holiday! If you want to know the difference between such more similar things, then keep visit Difference betweenz for further more info.